Prevent - Preventing vulnerable people from being drawn into Terrorism

What is Prevent?

Prevent is part of the UK counter-terrorism strategy, CONTEST. Its aim is to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. Prevent addresses all forms of terrorism but prioritises according to the threat posed especially where national security is concerned. At present, the majority of UK resources and efforts are devoted to preventing people from joining, supporting or becoming inspired by groups such as DAESH (often referred to as ISIS), its affiliates and related groups but increasingly resources are directed towards the significant and concerning threat from the Far Right terrorism. Think of Prevent as safeguarding from Terrorism.

Is Terrorism really an issue in Humberside?

The communities that make up Humberside help to contribute to a safe place for the people to live and work. However no community is immune from any crime, despite the positive work by Police, partners and communities. Terrorism is a crime and as such it can be prevented, the Prevent strategy aims to continue the good work the Police, Partners and communities undertake to ensure those who are impressionable and vulnerable to influence are provided with support and intervention to divert them away from the influence of extremist messaging.

Whose responsibility is Prevent?

We all have a responsibility to prevent people from becoming involved in terrorist activity, whether as parent, colleague, friend or professional but there is extra responsibility placed on those who work within organisations who have other safeguarding responsibilities and often come into contact with the more vulnerable members of society. The Counter Terrorism & Security Act 2015 included Prevent Duty Guidance which detailed the 'duty' placed on the Police, Local Authorities, Health, Schools, Further Education, Higher Education, Prisons and the Probation service, but this shouldn’t take away the need for members of the public to remain vigilant to vulnerabilities of those they come into contact with. More recently the Government released the Prevent Duty Toolkit for Local Authorities & Partners. The toolkit supports the practical delivery of Prevent by local authorities and partner agencies by providing practical information on duty implementation, case study examples on good practice local delivery and a self-assessment framework

I know DAESH is a concern but what about other forms of Terrorism?

DAESH and those inspired by the group is the single greatest threat to the UK but other forms of terrorism affect our communities. The threat from Far Right & Far Left Extremists, Animal Rights extremists and other single cause issues are all covered by the Prevent strategy.

What about free speech?

The UK Government remain absolutely committed to protecting freedom of speech, but preventing terrorism means challenging extremist ideas that are also part of a terrorist ideology. Those who espouse extremist views cannot be conducive to a cohesive, harmonious society.

How do you support individuals vulnerable to radicalisation?

Channel is a key part of the Government’s Prevent strategy and provides a multi-agency approach to support and safeguard individuals at risk of being drawn into any form of terrorist related activity.

How does Channel work?

Channel is an early intervention process which identifies those most at risk of radicalisation, and refers them for assessment by a multi-agency panel which considers how best to safeguard them and support their vulnerability through a support package tailored to individual needs.

Who is involved with Channel?

Local authorities are responsible for the Channel process, but referrals come from a wide range of partner agencies and members of the public. People working in neighbourhood and community safety roles, carrying out home visits, volunteering, working in safeguarding roles or those who are already supporting vulnerable people, may often be the first and only ones to spot signs of concern. Partnership involvement ensures that those at risk have access to a wide range of support ranging from mainstream services, such as health and education, through to specialist mentoring or faith guidance and wider diversionary activities.

What factors can put people at risk?

There is no single way of identifying who is likely to be vulnerable. Factors may include but are not limited to: peer pressure, influence from others or increasingly the internet, family tensions, race/hate crime, lack of self-esteem or identity, craving a sense of belonging, feeling that their community is under threat and personal or political grievances. A helpful guide can also be found here; Spotting the Signs

How do I make a referral or find out more about Channel?

If you have a concern about an individual and want to make a referral please send your concerns through via our online prevent referral form.   Further information about Channel can also be obtained by clicking the following link; Channel Duty Guidance.

You can also report online terrorist & extremist material by clicking on the red button.

How can I learn more about Prevent and vulnerability to Radicalisation?

The Home office have produced an e-learning module to increase understanding of Prevent across all sectors and communities following consultation with a range of individuals and organisations. It has benefited from the feedback of teachers, local authority officials, community-based groups, youth workers and many others. This is introductory training. It will provide an important foundation on which to develop further knowledge around the risks of radicalisation and the role that you can play in supporting those at risk and can be accessed by clicking here.